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MEMBER DIARY

Immigration, Citizenship, Conservatively Speaking

Citizenship was once a nationality status, the founding fathers of the United States struggled greatly over this issue to protect individual liberty and protect against indentured service known as slavery. 1770, Crispus Attucks, a free dockworker of African descent was the first person shot to death by British redcoats during the Boston Massacre. He is known as the first martyr of the United States revolution because of his allegiance and being subject to the jurisdiction of Boston Massachusetts. His allegiance and being subject to the jurisdiction gave him Citizenship and one of the founders of this great nation, a black man, an immigrant. 1857, a Supreme Court ruling, Dred Scott v. Sanford the Supreme Court upholds slavery and this decision is regarded as a key cause of the American Civil War. In essence, this Supreme Court ruling was that people of African descent brought into the United States, their descendants and held as slaves were not protected by the Constitution because they could never have Citizenship. More Americans were killed in the Civil War than in all other American wars combined, and at question was the United States Constitution protecting Citizenship in a Supreme Court ruling, Citizenship has a legal definition and law as to ether or not. In 1863, The Emancipation Proclamation goes into effect and in 1865, The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution abolishes slavery and involuntary servitude. Many forget the importance of servitude and that peonage would make a person subject to the jurisdiction of that contract thus removing Citizenship as seen in rulings of the Courts. Although this Amendment outlawed such contracts of jurisdiction to a foreign power the individual choice, to solemnly, freely, and without reservation was the choice of each individual, an Oath of Citizenship to the United States and the protection it provided. 

1868, The Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was added, Section 1 requires due process, equal protection and a subject to the jurisdiction clause. Sen. Lyman Trumbull, who inserted the phrase; “The provision is, that ‘all persons born in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens.’ That means ‘subject to the complete jurisdiction thereof.’ What do we mean by ‘complete jurisdiction thereof?’ Not owing allegiance to anybody else. That is what it means.” Sen. Jacob M. Howard, the author of the Citizenship Clause; “The first amendment is to section one, declaring that all “persons born in the United States and Subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the States wherein they reside. I do not propose to say anything on that subject except that the question of citizenship has been fully discussed in this body as not to need any further elucidation, in my opinion. This amendment which I have offered is simply declaratory of what I regard as the law of the land already, that every person born within the limits of the United States, and subject to their jurisdiction, is by virtue of natural law and national law a citizen of the United States. This will not, of course, include persons born in the United States who are foreigners, aliens, who belong to the families of ambassadors or foreign ministers accredited to the Government of the United States, but will include every other class of persons. It settles the great question of citizenship and removes all doubt as to what persons are or are not citizens of the United States. This has long been a great desideratum in the jurisprudence and legislation of this country.”

Oath of Citizenship 1778, to “entirely renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign prince, potentate, state, or sovereignty” thereof a legally binding contract to all generations whom immigrated here. We have laws against those that break this contract, sedition, treason, espionage, subversion and more including the suspicion of these crimes. The opinion on what constitutes these crimes has swayed back and forth and the severity of these crimes has as well in United States history. Furthermore, many who have immigrated here understood the wide path of destruction this swaying back and forth in their land they sought to escape. From this, there is a tradition of being as “American” as possible and not show any other jurisdiction for good reason. Not speaking English in public or at work, flying a flag of another nation, reading material not in English or simply being different could be identified with being under the jurisdiction of an undesirable influence. During World War II, the United States arrested and forced, most of whom were American citizens, Japanese Americans, women and children in to concentration camps, prison-like camps called relocation centers for such acts. Currently we are faced with a similar situation caused by war, a war on extremists and terrorists, an Economic War and Class Warfare. Now more then ever the importance we must prove and display is our subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, our Oath of Citizenship and Oath of Allegiance to the United States Constitution. Student Citizenship, Anchor Babies, Class Warfare and so much more have distorted our founding values, traditions and laws to where we have subverted Citizenship, those who cross some border illegally are but a small part of the problem, all leading to war like conditions, a War of Independence, a Civil War. Because this disease was allowed to fester over so many decades, the enormity seems insurmountable but must be confronted as a whole or it will grow again.

James Madison, 4th President of the United States, Father of the Bill of Rights; “When we are considering the advantages that may result from an easy mode of naturalization, we ought also to consider the cautions necessary to guard against abuse. It is no doubt very desirable that we should hold out as many inducements as possible for the worthy part of mankind to come and settle amongst us, and throw their fortunes into a common lot with ours. But why is this desirable? Not merely to swell the catalogue of people. No, sir, it is to increase the wealth and strength of the community; and those who acquire the rights of citizenship, without adding to the strength or wealth of the community are not the people we are in want of.”

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