|Name of Operation
||Operation Iraqi Freedom
||Operation Odyssey Dawn (Changed to “Operation Unified Protector” once the original U.S.-led coalition handed off operational control to NATO, another U.S. led coalition)
|Connotation of Name
||Freedom for Iraqis, duh
||OOD: I’m really not sure. Something about an enigmatic sunrise?
OUP: Probably sending the message that this U.S.-led coalition is unified, unlike the U.S.-led coalition that handed the mission off to it. But that’s just a guess.
|Commander in Chief
||George Walker Bush
||Barack Hussein Obama
||Nobody really seems sure, including the President. Perhaps regime change, though the administration has expressly ruled out using our military, already engaged there, for that
||Saddam Hussein’s regime and military forces who remain loyal to him
||Originally, Qaddafi’s Air Force and air defenses. Then, his armor and troops as well. Finally, as of 3/31, those who are fighting against Qaddafi, as well
|Rationale for War
||Iraq’s status as a state sponsor of terror, Saddam Hussein’s history of terrorism and genocide, including use of Weapons of Mass Destruction on his own people
||Preventing a “humanitarian disaster” in another country’s civil war
|Date the President Addressed the American People about the rationale for war and our objectives
||March 19, 2003, from the Oval Office (after a March 17 speech giving Saddam & sons 48 hours to leave Iraq to avert war, after the famous “Axis of Evil” State of the Union speech in which he laid out a case against Iraq)
||Does the off-site March 28 speech which addressed the former but completely ignored the latter count?
|Date offensive operations began
||March 19, 2003
||March 19, 2011
|Initial Phase of War
|“Shock and Awe”
||Establishing a No-Fly Zone and DON’T CALL IT A WAR!
|Size of Coalition
||5 initially; with full NATO involvement, plus the mysterious “Arab Partners” (read: UAE & Qatar), that number becomes 30
|Conventional wisdom on the coalition
||The U.S. is acting unilaterally!
||Utterly brilliant – particularly those “Arab Partners”
|Relevant Congressional Resolutions
||H.J. Res. 114 (passed 296-133 in House; 77-23 in Senate), authorizing President Bush to “use the Armed Forces of the United States as he determines to be necessary and appropriate”
||None. The U.S. Congress has not yet been consulted about this military action.
|Relevant UN Resolution(s)
||UNSCR 1441, warning of “serious consequences” if regime was not forthcoming about weapons stockpiles; also, 17 previous UN resolutions whose violation the Iraqi regime had flaunted
||UNSCR 1973, which authorized all necessary force to protect civilians in Libya except for the insertion of ground forces
|UN Vote on Key Resolution
||Resolution passed 10-0, only because Russia, China, Germany, India and Brazil abstained from voting
|Other military operations ongoing at the time
||Operation Enduring Freedom, Afghanistan
||Unfinished operations in both Afghanistan and Iraq, as well as tsunami relief operations in Japan
|Said “This will not be a campaign of half measures, and we will accept no outcome except victory,” and integrated ground and air campaigns in support of the mission’s objective
||Employed standoff weaponry (air power and TLAMs) and unsupported OGA/SOF personnel. Maintained an express commitment not to insert ground troops nor to bring about regime change militarily
| Involvement of al Qaeda and other terrorist organizations
|Al Qaeda fighters streamed into Iraq from outside its borders, where they carried out some successful terrorist attacks before being turned on by Iraqis and demolished by coalition troops
||Interestingly, al Qaeda appears to be on the side we’re helping.
| Method of Bringing About Regime Change
||Combined air, land, and sea-based military invasion
| Dennis Kucinich’s reaction